This is one of the most popular questions we are asked.
No, alpacas are not llamas. Alpacas & llamas are in the camelid family, but each serves a different purpose.
Alpacas are a South American relative of the Camel
Closer relatives include the domesticated llama, the wild guanaco, and vicunas. This family of animals originated on the plains of
Llamas are about 300+ lbs, taller (4-4.5 feet at the shoulder) and are used for mountain packing or guarding livestock (often seen with sheep). They have always been a beast of burden. We shear our lllamas, but toss out their fleece. Our llamas are utilized to protect our alpacas.
Alpaca fleece is measured in microns, which is a millionth of a meter. The average human hair is approximately 110-120 microns wide. Llamas usually range from 50-65 microns and alpacas from 18-30. Thus, alpaca fleece can be a sixth of a human hair wide, creating its soft, silky feel.
The function and purpose of the alpacas is for it's fleece - soft, smooth, water repellent, hypoallergenic. Alpacas are much smaller (120-180 lbs and 3 ft at the shoulder) and are solely used for their fleece. They are a flight animal and will not stand up for themselves. We use llamas to help protect our alpacas from predators in addition to livestock guard dogs, Turkish Anatolians.
Llama Banana Ears
One of the easiest ways to tell a llama from an alpaca is the "banana ears" on a llama, which arch inwards. Alpaca ears point straight out.
There are approximately 300,000 alpacas within the
Llamas get a bad wrap for spitting on people. Just like every dog has the potential to bite, so does a llama have potential to spit to protect him / herself when feeling threatened.
If you respect them, they are great creatures. In this photo, Snuffy the Llama does not like being taken away from his alpaca herd to go hiking in the mountains, but did not spit even though he was giving James the stink eye...
In 15 years, with a variety of llamas, I have never been spit on or threatened by a llama. They are meant to be confident and bold. That is what they have been brought up to do. Give them some treats and a few scratches, they will love you like the rest of their herd.